The US has large wind potential on- and offshore as well as potential sites for AWE. There are research activities ongoing and there are a few AWE developers. There is few political support at this stage. NREL elaborated a detailed report on AWE in 2021.
1.2 AWE potential
1.2.1 Wind resources
The US has a large wind potential:
Figure 11: Wind resource potential for AWE in the US. Source: NREL 2021
1.2.2 Site availability
NREL studies site availability:
Figure 12: Developable areas for AWE considering all exclusions and a 750-m setback requirement from civil infrastructure. Source: NREL 2021
1.2.3 Roll-out opportunities
- Remote areas, farms
1.3 Energy policies and support
1.3.1 Renewable Energy legislation
To be checked
No mentioning of AWE in NECP.
1.3.3 R&D / Investment support
To be checked
1.3.4 Revenue support
There is no special remuneration for AWE.
1.4 Regulation and permitting
1.4.2 Airspace regulation
FAA considers AWE as obstacle (see also Makani reports) Tbd –
1.5 Key policy stakeholders
1.5.2 Ministry of Energy
DoE supports AWE to a certain extent.
1.5.3 Other national ministries
Ministry for Research, Ministry for Environment
1.5.4 Regional / local public administration
1.6 AWE stakeholders
1.6.2 IEA Task 48 Participants
The US supports Task 48 through NREL.
- Colorado State University
- North Carolina State University
- University of Dayton
- University of Washington
- Worcester Polytechnic Institute
1.6.3 Other (potential) stakeholders / clients
1.7.1 Test sites
- Xxx (Windlift)
1.7.2 Commercial sites
Not available yet.
1.7.3 Industry & Jobs
Aviation industry, software and hardware development, deployment.
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